Cabo Pulmo National Park Conservation Program
and Management Plan
General Guidelines: General definitions
as defined in the General Law of Ecological Balance and its protection,
from the Regulation of Materials of Protected Natural Areas.
RECREATIONAL AQUATIC ACTIVIES:
|freediving: using one or more
of these for underwater observation and swimming: mask, fins,
snorkel, wetsuit, weightbelt, and lifejacket
|diving: underwater activity using a tank
of air, regulator of pressure, bcd, in addition to freediving
gear as stated above
| tours and/or visits in motorized water vessels
|tours and/or beach activities in non-motorized water vessels:
any human-propelled, by wind or wave, vessel, including kayaks,
windsurf, surf, etc.
ECOTOURISM: environmentally responsible tourism,
consisting of visiting the national park without altering the natural
environment and with the objective of enjoying, appreciating, or
studying the natural and/or cultural attractions of the area, by
means of a method that promotes conservation and sustainable development,
which constitutes active participation of and socioeconomic benefit
to the local population.
SMALL VESSELS: have gas motors and a capacity of
up to 10 passengers.
LARGE VESSELS: are of more than 12 meters (36
feet) and are used for recreational aquatic activities.
GUIDES: anyone authorized by the Secretary of Tourism
who provides professional orientation and information to tourists
about the natural, touristic, and cultural heritage of the area,
as well as assistance.
FISHING FOR PERSONAL CONSUMPTION: sustainable use
of fishing products from the natural area, without commercial means,
for the goal of satisfying alimentary needs and other traditional
uses, by locals of the area.
COMMERCIAL FISHING: fishing with the goal of obtaining
SPORT/RECREATIONAL FISHING: fishing done by distributional
means, authorized by the appropriate authority.
USERS: anyone coming into the park with the goal
of participating in various activities, enjoyment and use of the
natural resources of the area. Users are obligated to lend at all
times support and facilities necessary to personnel of SEMARNAT
and SEMAR for their work in inspection, vigilance, and protection
of the park, as well as in any emergency situation, contingency
operation, and cleaning of the park.
VISITORS: users who come into the area of their
own mode to participate in aquatic activities, without use of a
ZONING: the use-restricted zones are in good state
of conservation; in these zones, it is necessary to maintain the
conditions of the ecosystems and even better them in the areas that
Within the park, 2 zones are defined by the following
RESTRICTED-USE ZONE 1 (ZUR1): the marine part adjacent
to the coast, in which is encountered the coral reef and coral heads
distributed in an isolated manner. Underwater scenery that offers
elevated value in scenic and environmental terms.
Within the permitted and non-permitted activities are:
Inspection and vigilance
Signage for park purposes
Minor vessel tours:
Windsurf, kayak, pangas
Navigation in established
Areas and canals
construction of private
or public buildings
anchoring in reef areas
use of explosives
extraction of live rocks
construction of artificial reefs
vehicular transit on the beach
installation of fishing camps
installation of tourist camps
leaving trash on the beach
RESTRICTED-USE ZONE 2 (ZUR2): the marine area
and federal marine land area included, from Miramar to Las Barracas,
in which are permitted/prohibited a list of activities.
In the zone of public use that begins at Cabo Pulmo
Point and extends along the coast line until the beach of Los Arbolitos,
the following activities are permitted/prohibited:
Inspection and vigilance
Signage for park purposes
|vehicles on beach
windsurf, kayak, pangas/lanchas
navigation in established areas and canals
anchoring in reef areas
ABOUT PROVIDERS OF TOURIST SERVICES: Are obliged
to inform users that they are in a protected area, in which measures
are taken to ensure conservation of the natural resources and the
preservation of the natural environment and so should make them
aware of the importance of conservation and the norms by which they
are required to behave during their visit; providers should be able
to support this information with graphic and written material approved
by park heads.
Rule: tourist service providers should designate a guide
for each group of 10 visitors who will be responsible for the group’s
behavior as well as having basic knowledge about the importance
and conservation of the park.
Rule: guides should comply with the established official
Mexican standards, which correspond to each case.
Rule: providers should have a civil liability and 3rd party
injury insurance, with the ends of assuming responsibility for injuries
or losses suffered by visitors, vehicles and equipment, or any caused
to outside parties during their stay and pursuit of activities in
Rule: Guides and providers should ensure that visitors
do not introduce any exotic flora or fauna, be it wild or domestic.
ABOUT VISITORS AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES:
Rule 23: visitors and/or users who wish to participate
in aquatic activities should preferably use tourist service providers
of communities adjacent to the park, which are authorized by SEMARNAT.
Rule 24: Camping within the park is only allowed
in designated zones, as signaled by the directors.
Rule 25: Campfires allowed only in designated areas with
material brought in from outside the park, and only within designated
Rule 26: Users must assure their campfires are completely
Rule 27: Camping is subject to the following prohibitions:
1. excavating, leveling, cutting, or unearthing vegetation where
2. leaving any organic/inorganic waste
3. erect permanent camps
4. make noise or disturb other visitors or the natural behaviors
of wild animals
Rule 28: Any major repairs or maintenance, such as on boats
and motors, should be done outside of park.
Rule 29: Disembarking boats allowed only in designated
Rule 30: Windsurfing allowed only in designated
Rule 31: during scuba diving activities, scuba
flags should be displayed for general warning considerations, as
defined by international standards.
Rule 32: tourist service providers of diving activities
and users should conform to established Mexican standards.
Rule 33: It is prohibited during scuba diving activities
to bother, chase, harm, touch, or ride any specie, as well as harm
Rule 34: Hours for diving are 6:00 to 19:00 for
daily activities and 19:00 to 22:00 for night activities.
Rule 35: During snorkeling/ freediving activity, users
and guides in reef areas must use lifejackets.
Rule 36: All scuba divers must have certification from
known associations on an international level.
Rule 37: During scuba diving, it is only permitted to conduct
recreational tours with the objective of observation of marine life,
and always under the supervision of a certified guide or instructor
certified by recognized organizations
Rule 38: Only guides may bring knives on scuba or free
Rule 39: It is prohibited to get closer to reef than 2.5
meters, use gloves or carry knives, other than stated in Rule 38.
Rule 40: The line of access during scuba dives should be
15 meters from the coral formations with the idea of not destroying
marine life, taking into account current and winds, the boat may
Rule 41: in zones designated by zonification of
the park, the maximum number of users per instructor during day
diving activities are:
ZUR1: free diving- 6 scuba diving- 4
ZASRN1: free diving- 7 scuba diving- 6
Rule 42: same as above, but for night diving:
ZUR 1: free diving- 4, scuba diving- 3
ZASRN1: free diving- 4, scuba diving- 3
Rule 43: FOR SAFETY REASONS, in the reef areas
known as Las Tachuelas (1), Cabo Pulmo (4), Islote Piedra (7), and
Lobera (9), it is only permitted for realization of diving activities
by certified persons with at least a 1 or 2* rating or the equivalent,
and it is only permitted for 2 boats to moor on mooring buoys per
Rule 44: FOR SAFETY REASONS, in the reef areas
known as Los Morros and El Bajo (2), Barco Hundido (3), Cabo Pulmo
(5), La Esperanza y Barra no.5 (6), Punto (8), and Los Frailes (10),
it is only permitted for diving by highly qualified persons, with
at least a 3* rating or higher, and only 2 boats per hour on mooring
Rule 45: Kayaking must be done within specified
routes and only by tourists capable of kayaking, under supervision
of a guide of kayaking.
Rule 46: Kayaking groups can be up to 5 kayaks,
including that of the guide.
Rule 47: It is prohibited to use the park as a
base of operations for fishing trips
Rule 48: Consumer fishing is only permitted
to local inhabitants in the zone of sustainable use of natural resources
1, in places used for that use specifically, and using only lines
Rule 73: the following are exclusively
prohibited within the park-
v. swim or dive using bronzers, oils, or sunscreens
that are not biodegradable
xi. realize any major activity of cleaning, repairing,
or maintaining boats.